Prevalence and Risk Factors of HSV-2 Infection and HSV-2/HIV Coinfection in Men Who Have Sex With Men in China: A Multisite Cross-Sectional Study.
To determine the prevalence and risk factors of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection and its coinfection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in men who have sex with men (MSM) in China.
A convenience sample of 1462 MSM were recruited from different settings (an STD clinic, a health center, and MSM venues) in 3 cities in China. Blood specimens were collected for testing for antibodies to HSV-2 and HIV to determinate the seroprevalence of HSV-2 infection and HSV-2/HIV coinfection. Information on sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics was collected to determine the risk factors associated with the infections.
The prevalence of HSV-2 infection in 1462 MSM was 16.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 14.2%-18.0%), the prevalence of HIV infection in this population was 9.5% (95% CI, 8.1%-11.1%), and the rate of coinfection of HSV-2 and HIV was 3.2% (95% CI, 2.4%-4.3%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that risk factors for HSV-2 infection included age older than 30 years, education level lower than senior high school, involvement in commercial sex work, and HIV-positive status. Education level lower than junior high school and history of sexual abuse were associated with HSV-2/HIV coinfection.
The high prevalence of HSV-2 infection and HSV-2/HIV coinfection among MSM in China suggests that an increased focus on HSV control is warranted within China's prevention and intervention programs targeted toward MSM.
Full text of article available at link below -
Access the full text version of this article
You must be logged in to post a translation